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Internet shutdowns: trends, causes, legal implications and impacts on a range of human rights



Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (A/HRC/50/55).
The present report is aimed at shedding much-needed light on the phenomenon of Internet shutdowns.

Geneva, June 21

Human Rights Council
Fiftieth session
Agenda items 2 and 3
Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the
High Commissioner and the Secretary-General
Promotion and protection of all human rights,
civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights,
including the right to development


In the present report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 47/16, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights provides an overview of trends in Internet shutdowns. It contains an analysis of their causes and the legal implications and the impact on human rights thereof, the roles of companies, the existing efforts to promote Internet connectivity and provide development aid, and the relevance of such efforts for detecting, preventing and responding to shutdowns, as well as a set of recommended measures for ending shutdowns and minimizing their impact.

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The ominous Twitter's censorship – Elon Musk to the rescue?

On the basis of alleged fake news and/or misinformation, Twitter has banned content and removed users from their services. Fake news and misinformation rules, on the other hand, appear to be a minefield. Twitter has established precedents where firms supported by private wealth can arbitrate what is generally acknowledged as fact by removing, flagging, and censoring tweets and profiles they believe to be fake news and misinformation. It's easy to see why so many people perceive these occurrences as Orwellian steps toward a dystopian future in which our ability to think is limited by agents of power and wealth in our societies.

Elon Musk & Twitter





Elon Musk threatens to scrap Twitter deal over ‘breach’ of agreement


He’s still demanding more data on spam bots

June 6.– Elon Musk says that Twitter is in “clear material breach” of their $44 billion acquisition deal and that he could “terminate” the agreement in response. In a letter sent to Twitter this morning, Musk’s legal team claims that Twitter has failed to provide him with information on the service’s spam bot problem and that he’s entitled to receive thatTwitter CEO Parag Agrawal vs Elon MuskTwitter CEO Parag Agrawal vs Elon Musk information under the deal agreement.

“Mr. Musk believes the company is actively resisting and thwarting his information rights (and the company’s corresponding obligations) under the merger agreement,” the lawyers write. The letter says Musk could choose “not to consummate the transaction” because of the alleged breach of contract.

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50 Key Statistics About Freedom of the Internet Around the World

Sept. 6 (PIA Research Team).– Almost every part of our everyday lives is closely connected to the internet Internet freedom world map– we depend on it for communication, entertainment, information, running our households, even running our cars.

Not everyone in the world has access to the same features and content on the internet, though, with some governments imposing restrictions on what you can do online. This severely limits internet freedom and, with it, the quality of life and other rights of the affected users.

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